In Turkish culture, hammams are important meeting points not only in terms of health, but also in terms of social and cultural activities. This culture, which has survived without losing its charm to this day, continues to live in historical hammams built with the supervision of architectural aesthetics.
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- Bathing Culture in the World
- Hammam Culture in the Ottoman Empire
- Let’s Get to Know the Turkish Bath
- Baths where Turks Find Healing; Hammams
- Common Culture of Turkish Islamic Culture; Hammams
- Benefits of Turkish Baths for Human Health
- Terms for Turkish Bath
- How should the Turkish Bath Be Made?
- Features of Turkish Bath
- Heating of Turkish Baths
- Benefits of Turkish Bath
- Things to Consider While Using Turkish Bath
- The Best Hammams of Turkey
Bathing Culture in the World
Although there have been periods of medieval times in Europe and many parts of the world where there is no habit of cleaning up, in ancient Greece, the 1st century BC was the first century bc.19th-century hammams marks are found. Architecturally, the Roman period is a period in which hammams gain style. As of 33 BC, 170 hammams were registered in Rome. Sports competitions were also held in baths consisting of swimming pools, sculptures reflecting the magnificence of the period, a library and a large garden.
Some structures were built to bathe in Mesopotamia, Babylon, ancient Egypt and India, but structures that could be described as hammams first emerged during the Roman period. These bathing facilities, heated by a type of heating system, are referred to as roman hammams.
Hammam Culture in the Ottoman Empire
When we look at the Turkish baths in Anatolia, we come across two types of hammams serving through natural and heating. Turkish baths where natural water supply is used are called hot springs; Turkish baths with known healing and drinking water are called drinking. Hammams are also used for rituals that have a place in social life such as birth, marriage and death. There are many hammams abandoned in Anatolia, as well as centuries of historical hammams that are still serving.
Since Central Asia, it is seen that many hammams were built during the Ottoman period, where the cleaning habits existed. When we look at Ottoman history, we see that hammams are primarily constructed in conquered places.
Traditional Turkish Baths consist of;
- Camegah (dressing place)
- Coldness (place where the peshtemal is replaced and drying)
- Temperature (washing place)
Turkish baths, which are an indispensable element of everyday life, continue to exist as places where physical and spiritual purification is provided. In Anatolia, the tradition of going to the hammams day on Friday evenings, wedding days and religious holidays is still being maintained. Turkish baths, where women are as interested as men, are kept open until the morning, especially due to the density experienced on holiday eves.
Let’s Get to Know the Turkish Bath
Turkish baths, which have an extremely important place in Turkish culture, are one of the most important points not only as a place of bathing and cleaning, but also in terms of social, cultural and health.
For the use of water for health purposes, mankind has built water venues such as Turkish baths and hot springs since ancient times. One of these places, the hammams have met people’s needs such as bathing, cleaning and purification. Hammams reflected the culture and life of a society and have always been a part of social life.
Baths where Turks Find Healing; Hammams
Derived from combining the Arabic word “Hammam” namely bath and Hebrew “Bath”, namely warm words, the word “bathing, cleaning, purification and healing” is defined as “place of bathing, cleaning, purification and healing”. The history of bathing and healing with hot water, treatment dates back to ancient times. In the 4th century BC, Rome had Roman hammams to treat and make the body healthy. Apart from cleaning and purification, Roman baths have been used in health practices, as well as the central point of sporting and cultural activities. Although Turkish baths have similarities with Roman hammams in terms of character and use, there are very big differences between them both architecturally and functionally.
Turkish people are a nation with a culture of hammams in pre-Islamic periods. However, after the acceptance of Islam, the effects of Islam began to appear in the architecture of the hammams as well as in all areas. The architecture of the hammam and the architecture of the mosque have many similar features. The hammam dome and the mosque dome have the same architectural characteristics.
Common Culture of Turkish Islamic Culture; Hammams
Turkish baths meet the need for hot water in two different ways with natural hot water and artificial heating hot water system. Hammams built on natural hot water often enter the class of hot springs used for health purposes. Natural hot waters in physical ailments and skin problems are a source of healing for people and provide natural purification of all diseases.
Turkish baths that have existed in Turkish culture for more than a thousand years; many different uses have created a system that continues to this day in terms of its positive effects on the body and its cultural richness. Turkish baths are one of the important places that have population the lives of Turkish society in many social occasions such as entertainment, childbirth and marriage, as well as their functionality such as physical cleansing and purification.
Turkish baths are now used for cleaning, beauty, purification and health purposes. Foam massage, pouch, hot and cold water pools, aromatic foam baths, seaweed, clay, mud and vegetable oils in the Turkish bath has become the places where all body care will be done.
Benefits of Turkish Baths for Human Health
Turkish baths, which have proven a health effect and offer many different positive effects for human health;
- Reduces stress, relaxes the brain and relaxes the body,
- Relieves tensions and pains in the muscles,
- Accelerates blood circulation,
- It affects the appearance and grooming of the skin,
- In infectious diseases, vapor bath and grooming are done, and steam heat is good for many infectious diseases, especially cancer patients,
- Toxins are discarded from the body sweating due to the high temperature of the Turkish bath, and the oxygen intake of the cells accelerates.
Specific Terms for Turkish Bath
Hammams that have existed in Turkish culture for thousands of years are among the places that are extremely useful in terms of social, cultural and health. For so long, hammams that meet the needs of the community have also formed in their own terms. Here are the terms specific to the Turkish bath;
- Rubber: The rubber, which is a male bath attendant, helps people wash and pouch.
- Natir: The female bath attendant natir helps in the pouch and wash of women.
- Peshtemal: Fine woven cloth used to cover in the Turkish bath.
- Clog: Slippers worn in the Turkish bath.
How should the Turkish Bath Be Made?
The most important factor when making Turkish baths is reserved for careful execution of every step from the beginning to the end. Whether for individual use or for commercial purposes, great attention should be paid to both the visual and quality of the hammam. It should create a sense of relief in people who use it so that users can be satisfied. During construction, all kinds of materials should be preferred from the highest quality ones so that there are no glitches. If not paid attention, many problems may occur both during and during use.
Ventilation must be sufficient. Otherwise, there will be no healthy environment.
Hygiene and heating system are the most important factors for surfaces that users will come into contact with. It is important that the marbles used in the bath are first class. Economical and robust models should be preferred.
Features of Turkish Bath
It is actually quite easy to tell if a Turkish bath is well built. There are some important elements to consider. If the necessary factors are observed, a solid Turkish bath used for a long time is obtained.
The structure of the Turkish bath should be hard. The level of the joint used must be low. The marble used should be preferred without pores. The location of the waterways is very important. It should be placed to allow the water to be drained. The structure of marble should be relaxing, avoiding strenuous colors and patterns. The heating of marbles should be good. The distance between the currencies must be carefully adjusted. The tap should be high enough than the courier. The basin of a Turkish bath, which is too high or very low, will be dysfunctional. The hottest place of the bath should be the umbilical stone. The ventilation system should be good so that the air inside doesn’t get stifling.
Heating of Turkish Baths
Two heating systems are used during the construction of the Turkish bath. These are heating with hot water and heating with electricity. The cost of heating with hot water is lower. It is mostly used in hotels and social facilities due to low costs. In hot water heating system, pipes are delivered all over the Turkish bath. With high temperature, the Turkish bath is easily heated by means of pipes. In the electric heating system, it is preferred in facilities where there is no hot water and in baths made for individual use. The biggest advantage of this system is that the Turkish bath does not need to be heated continuously. It will be enough to open before using.
Benefits of Turkish Bath
Hammams are very suitable for body cleaning if they are not staying for a long time. Cleaning using water and soap ensures that the body is free of dirt. It’s much easier to remove dirt and dead skin from softened skin thanks to heat. It is possible to remove blood circulation as it is both skin removal and massage properties by rubbing the body with the cloth called pouch.
The inside of the hammams is very hot, so it is quite cold outside. Therefore, it is useful to avoid sudden temperature changes. It is very objectionable for people who have health problems in staying in the heat for a long time.
Hammams reduce stress and allow a person to relax and relax. Relieves muscle tensions and relieves joints by reducing pain. Increases blood circulation through hot air. It allows people with sinus blockage to relax a little bit. The moist air inside adds freshness and vitality to the skin. It is ideal for cleaning and cleaning the body from toxins. Sweating ensures the removal of bad components from the body. Pores pop up and the skin breathes more comfortably.
Things to Consider While Using Turkish Bath
In order to be healthy and use the hammams in the long term, some rules must be followed. All jewelry in the body must be removed and removed. Metal can cause irritation and redness in the skin with temperature. If you are using contact lenses, it is useful to remove the bath before entering the hammam. Since your stomach may be uncomfortable, it is not recommended to eat and enter the hammam. Besides, do the opposite and do not enter the hammam with an empty stomach. This time high temperature can cause your dizzy turn and faint. Attention should be paid to cleanliness.
The Best Hammams of Turkey
One of the first to come to mind when it comes to Turkish and Turkish culture is undoubtedly the famous Turkish baths. Although Turkish baths are a customary culture for us, it attracts a lot of tourists. Every tourist who visits Turkey sets out wondering about Turkish baths. So why not enjoy our beautiful hammams?
Don’t you think it’s time to warm up to your warm-up with a nice bath ingenuity in this season when the weather begins to cool down, to get rid of all your tiredness and start a clean new season?
Let’s take a look at the most beautiful hammams in Turkey together. Then all you have to do is get your way to your favorite hammam. Let’s start if you are ready.
One of the first addresses that come to mind when it comes to hammams, one of the most beautiful legacies of Ottoman culture, of course, is Eminonu. If you are from Istanbul, we will say, “Please stop by the Cagaloglu hammam, which you pass every day, perhaps every day, to be free of the chaos and stress of the city.”In this historic building, which is a complete Ottoman hammam with its architecture, you will be filled with history and you will leave behind all your fatigue. This hammam was built with a double bath type. This Turkish bath, which serves both for men and women, can visit between 8 am and 8 pm and enjoy a warm hammam.
Üsküdar Cinili Hammam
The Cinili hammam, one of the stinking legacies of the Ottoman Empire, continues to welcome hammam enthusiasts every day in the heart of Uskudar for centuries. In 1647, you can enjoy a hammam in this hammam, which is worthy of the shaman built by Kösem Sultan. Featuring two separate sections for men and women, this hammam has been restored and awaits you with its first day’s glory. This hammam is located inside the Tiled Mosque in Uskudar. It is open for women between 8 am and 6 pm, while for men between 7 am and 10 a.m.
Bursa Cekirge Hammam
Bursa, which is also famous for its thermal waters, is one of the most accurate addresses for experiencing hammam misery. The Cekirge hammam in Bursa is one of the oldest hammams in the city. Built in 1365, this hammam was built as a women’s hammam. This historic hammam, which has been used non-stop for centuries, is a great place to experience the traditional Turkish bath. This hammam is also a place visited by those who want to dedicate and wish. Due to this sacred feature, it has been visited for centuries.
Trabzon Eight-Mast Hammam
This hammam is one of the oldest hammams in Turkish history. Built by the Seljuk, this hammam has survived to this day and is still home to hundreds of people’s hammams. Unlike the hammams, whose architecture is accustomed to it, it resembles tents. This hammam under the large dome placed on long columns also takes its name from this unusual architecture.
This historic hammam, which attracts the attention of all tourists who have come to discover the nature of the Black Sea, has become a unique stop to relieve the tiredness of the whole journey. This eye-catching hammam has been restored by Trabzon municipality. This wonderful hammam, restored without deterioration of its historical texture, is definitely a hammam where you must stop if you are in your way. This hammam, which attracts a lot of tourists, is open every day of the week from 6.30am to 11 pm. For women, they split on Thursday.